Under the Motor Vehicles Act 1988, the Bengal Vehicles Rules were framed. The rules provided for small rate tariff for small taxies with less horsepower and big tariff for big taxies. The Vehicle rules were challenged on the ground that they violate Art. 14 as it amounts to class legislation. State whether the Vehicle rules are valid?
The Vehicle rules are valid, because they do not violate Art. 14 of the Indian Constitution. The classification of the tariff was based on reasonable classification i.e., on the horsepower of the vehicles, which is not violative of Art. 14 of the Indian Constitution.
The rules of delegated legislation provide that they should not violate fundamental rights.
The facts of the case are similar to Harnam Singh Vs. R;T.O. Authorities wherein the Court held that the differentiation in tariff was based on reasonable classification and hence not violative of fundamental rights (Art.14).